Specifications

The Cortex-M23 processor is a very compact, two-stage pipelined processor that supports the Armv8-M baseline instruction set. The Cortex-M23 with TrustZone is the ideal processor for the most constrained IoT and embedded applications where security is a key requirement. 

TrustZone for Armv8-M provides hardware-enforced isolation between the trusted and the untrusted resources on the Cortex-M23 device, while maintaining the efficient exception handling and determinism that have been the hallmark of all Cortex-M processors. 

Block Diagram on Cortex-M23.
Architecture Armv8-M Baseline 
Bus Interface AMBA 5 AHB (Von Neumann bus architecture)
Optional single cycle I/O interface
ISA Support Thumb/Thumb-2 subset
Pipeline Two-stage
Software Security Optional TrustZone for Armv8-M with optional security
Attribution Unit of up to 8 regions
Stack limit checking for Secure stack pointers
Memory Protection Optional Memory Protection Unit (MPU) with up to 16 regions per security state
Interrupts Non-maskable Interrupt (NMI) and up to 240 physical interrupts with 4 priority levels
Wake-up Interrupt Controller Optional for waking up the processor from state retention power gating or when all clocks are stopped
Sleep Modes Integrated WFI and WFE Instructions and Sleep On Exit capability
Sleep and Deep Sleep Signals
Enhanced Instructions Hardware single-cycle (32x32) multiply and fast (32/32) divide option
Debug Optional JTAG or Serial Wire Debug ports, up to 4 Breakpoints and 4 Watchpoints
Trace Optional Micro Trace Buffer (MTB) or Embedded Trace Macrocell (ETM)

Compare all Cortex-M processors

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Characteristics

Performance efficiency 2.64 CoreMark/MHz* and 0.98 DMIPS/MHz**

Arm Cortex-M23 Implementation Data***
  40LP
(9-track, typical 0.99V,-40°C)
28HPC+
(9-track, typical 0.81V, 0°C)
Dynamic power 3.86 μW/MHz
2.26 μW/MHz
Floor planned area
0.0088 mm2
0.0037 mm2

*See: EEMBC Benchmark Score Viewer

**The result abides by all of the “ground rules” laid out in the Dhrystone documentation and using the original (K&R) v2.1 of Dhrystone.

*** Minimum configuration with full ISA support and Interrupt Controller, includes 1 IRQ + NMI, excludes ETM, MPU and debug.


Cortex-M comparison table
Feature  Cortex-M0 Cortex-M0+ Cortex-M1 Cortex-M23 Cortex-M3 Cortex-M4  Cortex-M33 Cortex-M35P  Cortex-M55
Cortex-M7 
Instruction Set Architecture  Armv6-M Armv6-M
Armv6-M
Armv8-M Baseline 
Armv7-M Armv7-M
Armv8-M Mainline
Armv8-M Mainline
Armv8.1-M Mainline
Helium
Armv7-M
Thumb, Thumb-2  Thumb, Thumb-2
Thumb, Thumb-2
Thumb, Thumb-2
Thumb, Thumb-2
Thumb, Thumb-2
Thumb,
Thumb-2
Thumb,
Thumb-2
Thumb,
Thumb-2
Thumb,
Thumb-2
DMIPS/MHz range*
0.87-1.27  0.95-1.36  0.8
0.98 1.25-1.89  1.25-1.95  1.5  1.5   1.6 2.14-3.23
CoreMark®/MHz*
2.33 2.46  1.85
2.64 3.34 3.42  4.02 4.02  4.2 5.01
Pipeline Stages
 4
Memory Protection Unit (MPU)  No  Yes (option) No  Yes (option)
(2 x) 
Yes (option)  Yes (option)  Yes (option)
(2 x) 
Yes (option)
(2 x) 
Yes (option) (2 x)
Yes (option) 
Maximum MPU Regions  16  16  16  16
16 
Trace (ETM or MTB)  No  MTB (option)  No  MTB (option) or 
ETMv3 (option) 
ETMv3 (option)  ETMv3 (option)  MTB (option) and/or
ETMv4 (option) 
MTB (option) and/or
ETMv4 (option) 
ETMv4 (option)
ETMv4 (option)
Digital Signal Processing (DSP) extension
No  No  No  No  No Yes  Yes (option) Yes (option)  Yes (option)
Yes 
Floating Point Hardware  No No  No  No  No Yes (scalar SP) Yes (scalar SP) Yes (scalar SP) Yes (scalar HP +
SP + DP) (vector
HP + SP)
Yes (scalar SP + DP) 
Systick Timer
Yes (option)  Yes (option)  Yes (option)  Yes (2 x)  Yes Yes Yes (2 x) Yes (2 x) Yes (2 x)
Yes
Built-in Caches  No No No  No No No No  Yes (option 2- 16kB Yes (option)
Yes (option 4-64kB 
 I-cache I-cache and D-cache
I-cache, D-cache) 
Tightly Coupled Memory  No  No  Yes  No  No  No  No  No  Yes
(option 0-16MB
I-TCM/D-TCM)
Yes
(option 0-16MB
I-TCM/D-TCM) 
TrustZone for Armv8-M
No No No Yes (option)  No  No  Yes (option) Yes (option)  Yes (option)
No 
Coprocessor Interface  No  No  No  No  No  No  Yes (option)  Yes (option)  Yes (option)
No 
Bus Protocol
AHB Lite  AHB Lite, Fast I/O  AHB Lite  AHB5, Fast I/O  AHB Lite, APB   AHB Lite, APB  AHB5, APB AHB5, APB AXI5 (main bus), AHB
(peripheral bus,
TCM slave port and debug)
AXI4, AHB Lite, APB, TCM
Wake-up Interrupt Controller Support
Yes Yes  No  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes
Yes 
Integrated Interrupt Controller (NVIC)
Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes Yes  Yes  Yes 
Maximum # External Interrupts
32  32  32  240  240  240  480 480 480
240  
Hardware Divide  No No  No  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes Yes
Yes 
Single Cycle Multiply
Yes (option) Yes (option)  No  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes
Yes 
CMSIS Support
Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes  Yes
Yes 
Dual Core Lock-Step Support
No No No Yes  No No Yes Yes  No
Yes 
Arm Custom Instructions
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
Yes (available in 2021)
No
Common Criteria certification No No  No  No  No  No  Yes  Yes  No No 

*See individual Cortex-M product pages for further information.

SP = Single Precision

DP = Double Precision

HP = Half Precision